Biosecurity is defined as a set of technical conceptual, operational and structural procedures that aim to prevent or control the contamination of poultry flocks, by agents of infectious diseases that may have an impact on the productivity of these flocks and also on the health of consumers.
A biosecurity program consists of a set of measures and procedures for the health care of the team, applied in all stages of creation, interacting with the various sectors that make up the production system. (JAENISCH, 2004).
A biosecurity program has rules that aim to reduce and control pathogenic challenges in the production centers, through cleaning and hygiene of the breeding environment, sanitary break, vaccination program, etc. (ANDREATTI FILHO & PATRÍCIO, 2004).
The control of diseases is done through the correct use of measures, which aims to prevent the onset of diseases, protecting animals and public health. Thus, biosecurity has become an absolutely primordial and essential technology for the survival of technified holdings.
The ideal location of the farm is very important. It should be far from other poultry farms, reducing the risk of any possible contamination
The geographical position of the sheds must be carefully analyzed, being in a quiet location and away from other poultry farms (to avoid the spread of pathogens). It is necessary to know the prevailing wind direction, to be protected by natural and physical barriers that reduce the risk of contamination between units and stress for animals.
Considering the degrees of contamination, the following areas must be delimited: the clean area includes access corridors to the nuclei, through which feed, animals and equipment are transported and the dirty area, which comprises the outside of the farm and exit access of the cores.
Visits need to be restricted and monitored, all people, vehicles, machines and equipment entering the farm, must pass through the central support area and follow all disinfection procedures.
Uniforms and work clothes must be color-coded to help control employee traffic between animal farms or sheds of different age groups.
The sanitary break must be carried out during the period in which the facility remains empty after cleaning, followed by disinfection, an indispensable component to achieve efficiency.
Katayama Foods follows with great responsibility and commitment all stages of the biosafety program, which led to the achievement of the seal of antibiotic-free eggs.